Organizations actively encourage employees to know about their company and to work across departments, insuring that communication at all levels is mixed and what is becoming even more popular today informal. In spite of this guarantee, the model, as Taylor prescribed it, also manages to alienate the workforce and cause dissatisfaction due to the authoritarian structure of the role of management.
Autocratic management ensures a high division of labor in order to effectively run mass production; this leads to little workplace democracy and alienation. In current organizations, on the other hand, it has been recognized that productivity and success is not just obtained by controlling all factors in the work place, but by contributing to the social well-being and development of the individual employee.
Scientific Management in 21st Century by: Similarly, the piece rate payment system may cause the employer to encounter the problem of encouraging staff to concentrate on quantity at the expense of quality. If workers feel as though they are being treated without due respect, many may become disenchanted with the company and refuse to work to their maximum potential.
Management can dictate the desired minimum output to be produced and, with a piece rate payment system in place, can be guaranteed workers will produce the required amount.
He also reasoned that each person must be taught daily by those who are over them In conclusion, it can be seen that Scientific Management is still very much a part of any organization in the 21st Century.
The negative aspects of scientific management are apparent when evaluating the treatment of employees and with the problems that arise from the piece rate payment system. People are no longer content to receive only fiscal reward for their tasks.
Scientific Management was developed in the first quarter of the 20th Century; its father is commonly accepted to be F. Taylor believed productivity and efficiency would both rise if there were a division between workers and experts, and contended that almost every act of the workman should be preceded by one or more preparatory acts of the management.
However, it can be reasoned that scientific management is still a relevant concept for understanding contemporary work organizations.
The model is based on the research undertaken by Mayo at the Hawthorne electrical components factory between and Satellite link-ups and the Internet provide organizations with thousands of bytes of information everyday, enabling companies to work on a global scale and within never shortening time frames.
Another weakness in Scientific Management theory is that it can lead to workers becoming too highly specialized therefore hindering their adaptability to new situations, in the 21st Century employers not only want workers to be efficient they must also exhibit flexibility.
Alongside this rapid technological growth organizations are finding it increasingly important to react quickly to developments that may affect their welfare.
Invariably managers found that maximal efficiency was achieved by a subdivision of labor. Scientific management also provides a company with the means to achieve economies of scale. He wrote over a thosuand of articles on various topics, including advanced statistics and calculus, and has also helped hundreds of students all over the world.Scientific management developed as an alternative system for large manufacturing companies so that best studies on the application of scientific management include Ford and Toyota, with Ford as the earlier model for the application of scientific management.5/5(11).
The scientific school of management is one of the schools that make up classical management theory. Still very much concerned with increasing productivity and efficiency in organizations by finding the best way to do something, the scientific school of management is focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently.
It is not difficult to find examples of Scientific Management in the 21st Century; the car and computer manufacturing plants, the work environments we go to everyday, the hospitals we are treated.
efforts to finding this way and applying it on production process, lack of scientific education, Taylor’s “Scientific Management Principles”. Applying Scientific Management Theory To Education. of production. For this reason, Frederick W.
Taylor’s scientific management theory has been used to solve it and even gain more benefit. It is the intention of this literature review essay to define scientific management theory. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, The Systems Theory of Management in Modern Day application of system theory of management and.Download